“Smart technologies” penetrate into all spheres of our life, and the “intellectual home”, anticipating the desires of its master, does not seem like a fantastic idea any more. In this material – an overview of “smart houses” from around the world.
Companies working with computer technologies represent the latest developments created for the benefit of humanity. Some of the most useful inventions are home gadgets: climate control systems, lighting controls and built-in plasma panels.
In the forefront of “smart buildings” stands the Tokyo “throne house” erected in the late 1980s. The author of the project is a professor from Japan Ken Sakamura. “Intellectual technologies” open the windows on their own and include cooling the air with the arrival of heat. If one of the apartments plays music too loudly, then, so that it does not interfere with neighbors, the windows automatically close.
The founder of the world-famous Microsoft company Bill Gates presented the world with one of the most expensive houses with “intelligent systems”. The project has the most up-to-date technologies, which operate the engineering systems and control the microclimate in each room. With the advent of darkness, the movement of a person around the house is accompanied by automatic lighting. And a huge number of sensors throughout the building performs almost all the needs of its residents.
The house of Bill Gates is not the only “smart building” in the US. They also include the UN headquarters and the Rockefeller Center in New York. In Bloomington (Minnesota) built a huge Mall of America shopping area of a little less than 500 square meters. Km, several operator systems in which the correct functioning of almost all internal premises and parking.
The construction of buildings with intelligent systems in Europe has long passed to a completely new level. The company “European Group of Intellectual Buildings” (EIBG) with great success is spreading the ideas of intellectual construction.
For today in Europe already more than 20% of buildings are equipped with “smart systems”. Among them there are many high-rise buildings with climate control and the possibility of remote coordination of almost all structures. For example, the British bank Credit Suisse First Boston has five points of regulation and a well-established system of energy distribution.
The French National Library has an area of more than 400 square meters. Km from now on can also be called an integrated building, and all thanks to unique equipment that can maintain the most comfortable environment for the correct content of books.
Also to the list of “smart houses” was added the airport building Munich II, second only to the Frankfurt airport. It unites about 100 buildings and has systems controlling lighting, climate, elevators, escalator complex and coordinating the flow of passengers in terminals. In 1993, this airport was recognized as the best “smart building”.
Another airport with “smart systems” is located in London. Echelon Corporation, one of the most famous organizations creating smart home systems, has developed the Heathrow Airport project.
Coastal resorts near the capital of Japan are filled with innumerable “smart skyscrapers”. Directly in Tokyo, you can find the Shiodome Sumitomo Building – a huge structure with a wide functionality and an almost perfect management system.
The Beijing shopping center and the Taiwanese “Taipei 101” have the most modern technologies and are absolutely safe for the environment and very comfortable for staying in them buildings.
The 60-floors office building Telekom Tower in Kuala Lumpur has become famous for being the most “intelligent” in Asia. As many as 11 “intelligent systems” monitor the smooth operation of the entire building: elevators, corridors, car parks, adjacent territories and much more.
Advantages of this kind of projects are obvious, because the functioning of all systems is carried out from a single center. This significantly reduces the funds spent on electricity, heating, climate control, which helps to conserve natural resources.
In fact, houses with “intellectual systems” are relatively few. The largest part of the buildings erected today has limited capabilities of “smart houses”. But with certainty it can be concluded that the future of urban development is still behind “intellectual technologies”.